Still more Jew-hatred: they “misled many,” they have “strayed,” they are cursed by David and Jesus, Allah is angry with them, and they’re the worst enemies of the Muslims:
Say, “O People of the Scripture, do not exceed limits in your religion beyond the truth and do not follow the inclinations of a people who had gone astray before and misled many and have strayed from the soundness of the way.”
Cursed were those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel by the tongue of David and of Jesus, the son of Mary. That was because they disobeyed and [habitually] transgressed. They used not to prevent one another from wrongdoing that they did. How wretched was that which they were doing.
You see many of them becoming allies of those who disbelieved. How wretched is that which they have put forth for themselves in that Allah has become angry with them, and in the punishment they will abide eternally.
And if they had believed in Allah and the Prophet and in what was revealed to him, they would not have taken them as allies; but many of them are defiantly disobedient.
You will surely find the most intense of the people in animosity toward the believers [to be] the Jews and those who associate others with Allah ; and you will find the nearest of them in affection to the believers those who say, “We are Christians.” That is because among them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant.
And when they hear what has been revealed to the Messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of what they have recognized of the truth. They say, “Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses.
And why should we not believe in Allah and what has come to us of the truth? And we aspire that our Lord will admit us [to Paradise] with the righteous people.” (Qur’an 5:77-84)
The passage says that while the Muslims will find that these Jews are their fiercest enemies, those closest to them in affection will be the Christians (v. 82). According to the Ma”alimut Tanzil, this verse doesn’t refer to all Christians, but only to those who accept Islam; this is made clear by the subsequent verses, in which these Christians “hear what has been revealed to the Messenger,” whereupon “you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of what they have recognized of the truth.”
This just reinforces the idea that good Jews and Christians will convert to Islam, and that those who do not are simply obstinate in their wickedness and perversity.