According to Sharia, the dhimmis, the subject non-Muslim “People of the Book” in the Islamic state, are “forbidden to build new churches” (‘Umdat al-Salik, O11.5(7)). This is not perfect, but it is better than that.
“Egypt’s constitution will oblige parliament to regulate church construction,” by Gamal Essam El-Din for Ahram Online, November 30:
The finished draft of Egypt’s new constitution, which was opened to final voting Saturday, includes an article that will oblige the coming parliament to issue a law regulating the building and restoration of churches.
According to the new constitutional article, number 235, “after this constitution goes into effect, the coming House of Representatives in its first session must issue a law aimed at regulating the construction and restoration of churches in a way that ensures that Christians perform their religious rites freely.”
Mohamed Abul-Ghar, a member of the 50-Member Committee that finalised the draft of a new constitution and chairman of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, told Ahram Online that this article was drafted upon the request of several members.
“With a view to the fact that several churches suffered from destruction after former Islamist president Mohamed Morsi was ousted from office, I and several Muslim members proposed this article to ensure that Christians, who form the largest minority in Egypt, become able to exercise their rites freely and become able to build their churches in a much easier way,” Abul-Ghar said.
The article dissuaded representatives of Egypt’s three churches (the Coptic, Anglican and Catholic) from withdrawing in protest at the demands of the representative of the ultraconservative Islamist Salafist Nour Party on the role of Islamic Sharia in a new constitution….