The pens were ready
The signing ceremony for the new Iraqi provisional constitution didn’t happen. Sistani is flexing his muscles. From AP:
Shiite leaders refused to sign an interim constitution after Iraq’s top Shiite cleric rejected portions of the charter, in a last- minute dispute that wrecked a planned signing ceremony Friday and marred a landmark in the U.S. plans to hand over sovereignty to the Iraqis.
A spokesman for one of the Shiite parties said no signing would take place before Monday, giving time for members to consult with Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani – who has already forced two major revisions in U.S. plans to transfer power to the Iraqis.
The maneuver by five Shiite members of the Iraqi Governing Council – including the current council president and the Pentagon-backed Ahmad Chalabi – broke the unity that the body showed earlier this week when it overcame deep differences to unanimously agree on a draft of the charter.
It also highlighted the power that al-Sistani wields over the political process because of his considerable influence over Iraq’s Shiite majority.
A statement distributed early today by the Governing Council said the members would reconvene Monday “to finalize” outstanding issues “and sign” the interim charter. However, it was unclear whether the final hurdles could be overcome, according to the statement’s timetable.
Along with top U.S. adminis trator L. Paul Bremer, council members negotiated in private in an attempt to resolve the Shiite objections. But seven hours after the ceremony had been set to take place, a coalition spokesman said no deal was reached Friday and gave no date for the signing to take place.
The council’s squabbles squandered an enormous public relations and security effort for the ceremony, and were a stinging embarrassment for the U.S.- led occupation authority and its hand-picked Governing Council. Earlier, Bremer had appeared on morning television shows in the United States, describing the constitution on CNN’s “American Morning” as “an extraordinary document, which is really unprecedented in Iraq’s history.”
U.S. and Iraqi officials had planned an elaborate ceremony for the signing, full of symbols of Iraqi unity, that was left a shambles. A map of the country was emblazoned with the slogan “We all participate in the new Iraq.” Twenty-five fountain pens, one for each member, were lined up on an antique desk belonging to King Faisal I, Iraq’s first mon arch.
The Shiite objections focused on two clauses in the document: one that effectively gives the Kurds a veto over a permanent constitution due to be put to a referendum next year and another on the shape of the presidency in a future government, said Hamed al-Bayati, a senior official in one of the Shiite parties that balked at signing.
But by the end of the evening, the dispute seemed to have become broader. Entifadh Qanbar, a spokesman for the Iraqi National Congress, one of the parties that balked at signing, said members had to deal with the issue of how “an unelected body can bind an elected body in the future.” He did not elaborate.
Qanbar said the parties would have to consult with their leadership – and likely with al-Sistani as well.
The council would meet again Monday, he said, adding that he hoped a signing would take place then.
Mahmoud Othman, an independent Kurd on the council, denounced the Shiites for “putting obstacles in front of the declaration.”