Yet again, the US appears to be facing a setback in Iraq. The cloud in the silver lining of the Iraqi elections seems to be the victory of the United Iraqi Alliance (UIA), a coalition dominated by Shi’a Islamist parties. To make matters worse, many parties in the UIA are portrayed as Iranian puppets. The UIA’s candidate for the post of prime minister, Ibrahim Ja’afari, is a man with decidedly fundamentalist views who spent many years in exile in Iran. Iraqi Arabs voted not for liberals but for Islamists, while the minorities opted for nationalists.