“As order slides, Palestinian women face honor killings,” by Ilene R. Prusher for the Christian Science Monitor:
QALQILYA, WEST BANK – All the women in the family say Wafa Wahdan was
But her sisters-in-law add that they noticed a few little things. She had changed the way she dressed in the past year to a less conservative style and she sometimes went out for a drive without saying where she was going.
A few weeks ago, the body of the young mother of four was found in a garbage dump east of town. Police arrested two of the woman’s male cousins for having trapped Ms.
Wahdan and shot her to death, committing the third “honor killing” in Qalqilya last
Wahdan’s brutal murder devastated her husband and immediate family, who say
that the rumor mill’s tales of Wahdan having an affair were untrue. But regardless of their veracity, suspicion alone can be enough to get a woman killed by distant relatives looking to “cleanse” the family honor when there is talk of an illicit relationship.
According to local organizations, such murders have risen in the Palestinian
territories to nearly 50 this year — a fact that many here blame on the absence of any true law and order, which allows individuals to enforce their own version of justice. Palestinians here say the image of an ever-weaker Palestinian Authority has increased after Hamas’s violent takeover of the Gaza Strip in June, making this local vigilantism harder to combat.
Particularly galling to many here is the fact that a man who admits to murdering a female relative for reasons of honor can be sentenced to as little as six months in jail. Palestinians say that policy is based on an old Jordanian law, which still holds in the West Bank: Article 341 considers murder a legitimate act of defense when the killer acts “in defense of his life or his honor.”
Saed Taha, dean of Qalqilya’s College of Islamic Law, says that honor killings
in the Palestinian territories are never carried out according to proper Muslim stipulations and thus are unacceptable according to sharia, or Islamic law. In Islam, an unmarried woman found guilty of having an affair can be sentenced to 100 lashes; for a married woman, the sentence is death by stoning. But first, four witnesses must say they saw the illicit act with their own eyes.
“When the sentence is only six months, the consequence is that [perpetrators]
encourage others to do the same,” says Dr. Taha. “Islam does not allow anyone to take the
law into his own hands. And for a woman to be sentenced [for illicit affairs], it would
have to take place in a system that operates under Islamic law, which we don’t have right
Tribal traditions are often a motive
But ancient tribal mores, not Islam, are usually what drive family members to
demand that their honor be restored. In this case, according to several of Wahdan’s relatives interviewed for this story, the men of the family met and came to a joint decision that Ms. Wahdan should be killed.
It is a recurring pattern that anything that looks bad in the international media is “just a tribal thing,” with nothing to do with Islam. But the legal course confirmed by Taha shows more Islamic law– so often promoted as a solution, though it would at best only replace lawless injustice with the rigorously legalistic injustices of sharia law– would not help. Indeed, Islam only further reinforces the notion that a woman’s value depends on her obedience and reputation for chastity:
Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. As for those
from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them.
Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Lo! Allah is ever High, Exalted, Great. (Qur’an 4:34)
The article continues:
“These men have no fear of God,” says Wahdan’s mother, Umm el-Walid. She pulls out of a photograph of her daughter, big-eyed and pretty, sitting with some of Mrs. Walid’s
“Had my daughter had an extramarital relationship, her husband would have been
the first to notice and do something,” says Wahdan’s mother, stopping to squint out tears. “They charged her, sentenced her, and executed her all in one fell swoop.”
Her children harassed in school
Hala Wahdan, a sister-in-law, says the other women in the family, who are now
trying to take care of the late woman’s children, are devastated. The oldest kids, aged 9 and 12, are being harassed in school.
“Her children are extremely affected by this, especially with people gossiping and saying things that aren’t true,” she says. “They tell her 9-year-old girl, Noura, ‘You’re the daughter whose mother was killed because of honor.’ And to the 12-year-old son, ‘Your mother was killed because she was messing around.'”
Read it all.