Interestingly, Libya was the lone “no” vote. “Eritrea Sanctioned Over Somalia Terrorism Concern (Update1),” by Bill Varner for Bloomberg, December 23:
Dec. 23 (Bloomberg) — Eritrean government and military leaders accused of being allied with al-Qaeda-linked terrorists in a bid to topple Somalia’s transitional government became the target of United Nations sanctions today.
The UN Security Council voted 13-1 to ban the travel and freeze the assets of Eritreans designated by a committee of the 15-nation panel. The measure imposes an arms embargo on Eritrea, authorizes inspection of cargo going to or from the country on the Red Sea, and demands that it settle a border dispute with Djibouti.
Libya was the only nation to vote against the resolution, which was drafted by Uganda. China abstained from the vote.
Susan Rice, the U.S. ambassador to the UN, said the resolution was meant to halt Eritrean “assistance to violent elements in Somalia who are working to overthrow the government.” She said the Obama administration would continue diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict.
“We have sought to encourage quietly the government of Eritrea to take the steps it claims it intends to take but it will not take and has not taken,” Rice told reporters after the vote. “We do not see this as the door closing on Eritrea but, on the contrary, as another opportunity for Eritrea to play a more responsible and constructive role in the region.” […]
Eritrea’s ambassador to the UN denied his government supports the groups and said the U.S. pressured the Security Council to impose the sanctions.
“The Security Council has passed a shameful resolution,” Ambassador Araya Desta said. “It is based on fabricated lies concocted by the Ethiopian regime and the U.S. administration. We haven’t done anything.”
U.S.-backed Ethiopian troops invaded Somalia in December 2006, ousting the Islamic Courts Union government that had briefly captured southern Somalia. They withdrew in January.
Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki told the Washington Post before the UN vote that sanctions would be “regrettable” if they are “meant to blackmail or intimidate Eritrea.”