Author Robert Spencer is a bit puzzled: Why has there been so little effort to verify the historicity of the life of Muhammad and the events surrounding the creation of the Koran?
Could it be Muhammad was not a single individual but a composite of several people and the Koran more of a political manifesto made up of warmed-over older religious tracts?
“I think that it is certain there was nobody who was like the prophet of Islam we read about in the hadiths [the collective body of traditions relating to Muhammad and the Koran],” said Spencer, who wrote the recently published “Did Muhammad Exist?”
“There is no way to tell who or what was really done. Muhammad was supposed to have lived and united Arabia but there’s no historical evidence,” he told UPI in a telephone interview.
The book highlights anomalies in the historical record kept by non-Muslims of the 7th and 8th centuries.
Chief among Spencer’s concerns are the contradictions about the Koran’s compilation, the relative importance of Muhammad’s tribe, the Quraysh, and whether Mecca really was the center of trade Islamic tradition makes it out to be.
Spencer is not alone in doubting the canonical account.
The BBC last week broadcast “Islam, the Untold Story,” in which historian Tom Holland cast doubt on the traditional story. Holland’s examination of whether Islam was handed down whole or evolved over time brought immediate reaction from the Muslim youth organization the Ramadhan Foundation in London, which called the broadcast a mockery.
“There is a desire amongst some people trying to change or discredit Islam, whether it’s politicians, commentators or broadcasters like Channel 4. The British Muslim community will not allow Channel 4 to distort our faith and our history,” Ramadhan Foundation chief executive Mohammed Shafiq said in a news release, demanding an apology.
Spencer, who wrote an earlier book about the life of Muhammad, “The Truth About Muhammad,” said Muslims also have dismissed his work as an attack on Islam and threatened him with violence, although no formal fatwas have been issued.
Spencer suggests Islam could have been founded by Christian heretics who rejected Jesus’ divinity and wanted to turn back the clock to a time before Judaism and Christianity became established religions.
There is a story in Jewish lore that says a rabbinical decision denying a proposal to make camel meat kosher is what prompted an angry Muhammad to create a new religion in the early 600s.
“I’d never heard that one,” Spencer said. “But there no doubt was antagonism between [early Muslims] and the rabbis. Whatever happened, there were some bitter disputes with Jewish groups. … It does seem clear there was some attempt [by early Muslims] to identify themselves with Judaism, as an extension of Judaism, an offshoot. When they were rejected by the Jews, they [Muslims] turned against them.”…