“Tolerant al-Andalus”? Really? The History of Jihad From Muhammad to ISIS contains verses the Muslim jurist Abu Ishaq wrote in 1066 to the Berber king Badis about Granada’s Muslim ruler, who had dared to choose a Jew as his secretary:
He has chosen an infidel as his secretary
when he could, had he wished, have chosen a Believer.
Through him, the Jews have become great and proud
and arrogant— they, who were among the most abject….
They collect all the revenues,
they munch and they crunch.
They dress in the finest clothes
while you wear the meanest….
Their chief ape has marbled his house
and led the finest spring water to it.
Our affairs are now in his hands
and we stand at his door….
He laughs at Allah and our religion….
Hasten to slaughter him as an offering,
sacrifice him, for he is a precious thing….
Do not consider it a breach of faith to kill them,
the breach of faith would be to let them carry on….
The Muslims of Granada heeded Abu Ishaq’s call. On December 30, 1066, rioting Muslims, enraged by the humiliation of a Jew ruling over Muslims, murdered four thousand Jews in Granada. The maddened Muslim mob crucified the Jewish secretary, Joseph ibn Naghrila and plundered the homes of the Jews.
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